Rules of thumb for the design length of transition tubes

Are there any rules of thumb for the design length of transition tubes in order to prevent condensation at the room temperature end? By “transition tube,” I mean some standard size (O.D. and wall thickness) type 304 stainless steel tube with either 4 K or 80 K at one end and room temperature (300 K) … Continue reading Rules of thumb for the design length of transition tubes

Cuprate superconductors defy convention

To engineers, it’s a tale as old as time: Electrical current is carried through materials by flowing electrons. But physicists at the University of Illinois and the University of Pennsylvania found that for copper-containing superconductors, known as cuprates, electrons are not enough to carry the current.

A cyclotron’s long journey home

Seventy-five years after one of the world’s first working cyclotrons was handed to the London Science Museum, it has returned to its birthplace in the Berkeley hills, where the man who invented it, Ernest O. Lawrence, helped launch the field of modern particle physics as well as the national laboratory that would bear his name, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

Tributes to Donna Jung, International Cryogenics

It is with great regret that we report the sudden death of Donna Jung, President of International Cryogenics, on February 1, 2013. Jung was a leader in the cryogenic community, president of a longtime CSA Corporate Sustaining Member company, and a stalwart supporter of the Society. Jung, 52, was one of the second generation company leaders who make up the “Cryomafia.” She facilitated gatherings of the Cryomafia and played a key role in keeping the group together.