Cryogenic System to Cool Malaysian Data Center

An international consortium has announced plans to construct a green data center that features liquid submersion cooling at a location in Malaysia's Klang Valley. The project aims to increase the sustainability of data centers by changing the way facilities are cooled, therein reducing energy consumption by up to 50 percent, improving energy security and reducing localized emissions caused by diesel-powered backup generators.

New Graphene Hybrid Exceeds DOE Goal for Hydrogen Storage

Layers of graphene separated by nanotube pillars of boron nitride may be a suitable material to store hydrogen fuel in cars, according to a new computational study from Rice University published in the journal Langmuir. The material held 14.77 percent of its weight in hydrogen at -321°F, exceeding both current and future benchmarks established by the Department of Energy as part of its efforts to make hydrogen a practical fuel for light-duty vehicles.

New Study Shows Ultracold Electrons Forming Quantum Fluid State

A research collaboration between Princeton University and the University of Texas-Austin has demonstrated that electrons kept at very low temperatures can spontaneously begin to travel in identical elliptical paths on the surface of a crystal of bismuth, forming a quantum fluid state. Such behavior was anticipated theoretically during the past two decades by researchers at many institutions, but this experiment, published in the journal Science, marks the first time researchers have directly imaged electron orbits in a high-magnetic field, illuminating an unusual collective behavior in electrons and suggesting new ways of manipulating the charged particles.

Ames Scientist Receives APS McGroddy Prize

The American Physical Society (APS) has awarded Professor Paul C. Canfield, a senior scientist at the US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory, with its James C. McGroddy Prize for New Materials. Over the past three decades, he has helped discover, understand and optimize materials with ferromagnetic and superconducting states as well as more exotic systems that have fragile magnetism that can be manipulated so as to shed light on basic questions addressing the very origins of magnetic behavior.

CUORE Ready for First Cooldown

Deep within a mountain in Italy, scientists have finished assembling the Cryogenic Underground Observatory for Rare Events (CUORE) and are now preparing to cool its detector to operating temperature for the first time. More than one decade in the making, the experiment will look for a rare process thought to be evidence that neutrinos are their own antiparticles, something that would give scientists a clue as to how the universe came to be.

DOE to Invest $30 Million in Hydrogen and Fuel Cells

The Department of Energy has announced its intent to invest $30 million to advance fuel cell and hydrogen technologies. Associated projects, subject to appropriations, will leverage national lab consortia launched under DOE’s Energy Materials Network (EMN) this past year and will support President Obama’s Materials Genome Initiative and advanced manufacturing priorities.

Auguste Acquires Taylor-Wharton’s European Operations

Auguste Cryogenics SK s.r.o. has acquired Taylor-Wharton International’s European Operations, including a cryogenic pressure vessel manufacturing facility, Taylor-Wharton Slovakia s.r.o., and the related warehouse and office complex of Taylor-Wharton Germany GmbH. Auguste says all employees have been retained and that the facilities will continue to operate under the Taylor-Wharton brand while undergoing a name change to Auguste Cryogenics.

XFEL Commissions New X-ray Laser

Engineers at European XFEL, a large international research facility with 11 European member countries, have begun commissioning a 3.4-km-long underground X-ray laser. When operational, the laser will generate extremely short and bright X-ray light flashes that will enable new views of the structure and fast processes of the nanocosmos. Applications range from structural biology, chemistry, physics and materials science to environmental and energy research or explorations of conditions like those found inside planets.

2016 Nobel Prize in Physics Awarded

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences awarded the 2016 Nobel Prize in Physics to David J. Thouless, F. Duncan M. Haldane and J. Michael Kosterlitz, three laureates who have used advanced topological methods to study unusual phases of matter, such as superconductors, superfluids or thin magnetic films. Thanks to their pioneering work, the hunt is now on for new and exotic phases of matter thought to impact future applications in both materials science and electronics.

Spallation Neutron Source Marks a Decade of Research

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (CSA CSM) celebrated a decade of research at its Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) with an event on September 22. The SNS features a linear accelerator and accumulator ring. It sent the first protons to its one-of-a-kind mercury target in April 2006 and over the last decade has attracted researchers from around the globe to study materials with neutrons at peak intensities previously unavailable.