A newly invented detector is allowing physicists at the US Department of Energy’s Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (CSA CSM) to “see” neutrons like never before. Fresh insight from these devices has improved operation of the lab’s powerful electron accelerator, which is used in nuclear physics studies of the atom’s nucleus.
Author: CSA Executive Director
Over a Year Later, Construction Continues to Progress on PIP-II Cryoplant Building
Ground broke on the PIP-II Cryogenic Plant Building in July 2020 at Fermilab (CSA CSM) and construction began that August. This project is integral to PIP-II’s success, as the building will house cryogenic equipment that will cool the accelerator and mechanical, as well as electric utilities for the linac complex.
Cryogenic Submerged Motor Pumps Sales to Increase by 1.4x as Demand for LNG Grows by 3.8%
Cryogenic submerged motor pumps market to top $2.5 bn driven by increasing demand for natural gas. In its new study, Fact.MR offers a holistic overview of the pricing analysis and trends of the global cryogenic submerged motor pumps market. In addition, it highlights detailed information about major growth opportunities, drivers, and restraints across the leading segments including product, end-use and application across major regions.
Valcor Release Cryogenic Launch Vehicle Valves White Paper
One of the biggest challenges to designing valves for launch vehicle applications, particularly for the upper stages, is meeting flow requirements within tight envelope and weight specifications. Valcor, a company that specializes in the design and manufacture of pilot-operated valves capable of achieving high flows in a compact and lightweight design, has released a new White Paper about cryogenic launch vehicle valve solutions.
Startup Displays India’s First Privately Developed, 3D-Printed Cryogenic Engine
Hyderabad-based startup Skyroot Aerospace has successfully demonstrated the country’s first privately developed cryogenic rocket engine named Dhawan-1 after eminent rocket scientist Satish Dhawan. The company will use the engine as the upper stage of its Vikram-2 launch vehicle.
Plug Power Selected by Fertiglobe’s Green Hydrogen Consortium to Deliver 100mw Electrolyzer for Green Ammonia
On November 24, Plug Power Inc., a leading provider of turnkey hydrogen solutions for the global green hydrogen market, announced it has been selected by Fertiglobe the strategic partnership between OCI NV and the Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) and Scatec ASA, the Sovereign Fund of Egypt and Orascom Construction, as the technology provider for a 100 megawatts electrolyzer to produce green hydrogen as feedstock for up to 90,000 tons of green ammonia production at EBIC in Ain Sokhna, Egypt.
International Linear Collider: Thinking Outside the Tunnel
If you think that the International Linear Collider (ILC) is going to be a one-trick pony for studying the Higgs boson, think again. In fact, think research for self-driving cars, think dark matter with axions or dark photons, customs X-rays in a tunnel, photon beams to create tetraquarks and pentaquarks, energy recovery… all these ideas and more were presented and discussed at the recent ILCX 2021 meeting, called into being by ILC International Development Team (IDT) physics and detectors chair Hitoshi Murayama.
Cryocoax Signs Distribution Agreement with XMA Corporation-Omni Spectra® for High Quality RF Solutions
On November 16, Intelliconnect/CryoCoax (CSA CSM), leaders in the manufacture of cryogenic cable assemblies, announced it has been appointed as a franchised stocking distributor by XMA Corporation-Omni Spectra® (CSA CSM) focusing on cryogenic products as well as standard attenuators and high frequency microwave components.
Bluefors Introduces New Cryogenic Platform KIDE
To control more qubits there needs to be a new way of thinking about quantum measurement systems, starting with the cryogenic system itself. For this, Bluefors is introducing a new cryogenic platform, called KIDE [k ɪ d ɛ]. KIDE will play an important role for future research and development of quantum computing. KIDE enables unprecedented expandability and access to meet the requirements of next level quantum computing, and it will enable more cooling power and flexibility than any ultra low temperature measurement system that has come before.
DOE Announces Nearly $8 Million to Help Reach Hydrogen Shot Goals through National Laboratory H2@Scale Projects
On October 8, the US Department of Energy (DOE) announced nearly $8 million for nine cooperative projects that will complement existing H 2@Scale efforts and support DOE’s Hydrogen Shot goal to drive down the cost of clean hydrogen by 80% within the decade. The selected projects, or cooperative research and development agreements (CRADAs), will leverage the Advanced Research on Integrated Energy Systems (ARIES) platform to enable the integration of hydrogen technologies in future energy systems.
Center for Bright Beams Awarded $22.5 Million in Grant Renewal; Prepares Medical, Industrial Advances
A collaboration of researchers led by Cornell University has been awarded $22.5 million from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to continue gaining the fundamental understanding needed to transform the brightness of electron beams available to science, medicine and industry. The announcement was made on September 20.
The Most Powerful MRI Scanner in the World Delivers Its First Images
In September, the 11.7 Tesla MRI of the Iseult project, the most powerful in the world for human imaging, has just unveiled its first images. They validate the entire process that has enabled, thanks to multiple technological breakthroughs, the transformation of an “outstanding” magnet, delivered in 2017 to the French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA) Paris-Saclay site, into an “imager.”
Book Review: The Safe Use of Cryogenic Technologies by Robert Done
It is becoming common for large-scale scientific projects to include cryogenic systems provided by other countries. Examples of this include CERN, the European Spallation Source, ITER and the PIP II project at Fermilab (CSA CSM). While these contributions are quite valuable, one of the big challenges in such projects is understanding which safety regulations are relevant and how to apply them. This is true even in situations where common standards, for example within the European Union, should apply.
Cool Fuel: Hydrogen, Lenses and Lasers, Oh My!
The bar for getting the suffix of PhD after your name is high – you have to fundamentally change the philosophy in a field. As a faculty member responsible for training some of these individuals, I’m sometimes faced with the conundrum that advancing the philosophy implies that I have to change the way I was doing things. Thanks to newly minted Dr. Carl Bunge, I’m now trying to re-teach myself statistical thermodynamics while learning optics from scratch.
Groundbreaking Alternative to Invasive Breast Cancer Surgery Now Available in Monroe NJ
Patients in Central New Jersey with early-stage breast cancer can now access a highly effective treatment that does not require traditional invasive surgery. Performed at Princeton Radiology's Minimally Invasive Care Center in Monroe Township by interventional radiologist Kenneth R. Tomkovich, MD, the procedure, called cryoablation, uses a small needle and the cooling power of liquid nitrogen to freeze and destroy breast tumors.
INEOS Announces over €2 Billion Investment in Green Hydrogen Production
INEOS has announced that it is to invest more than €2 billion into electrolysis projects to make zero carbon, green hydrogen across Europe. Its first plants will be built in Norway, Germany, Belgium with investment also planned in the UK and France. The announcement was made on October 18. INEOS, through its subsidiary INOVYN, is … Continue reading INEOS Announces over €2 Billion Investment in Green Hydrogen Production
Heating Up Quantum Science Education with Laser Cooling
A series of interactive workshops developed by Columbia University physicist Sebastian Will and STEMteachersNYC will give educators tips and tools to cover quantum science in their classrooms. If you imagine a laser, you might think of beams of light popping balloons or slicing through a metal slab like butter. Lasers can indeed heat things up, but they can also cool things down.
Laurentis Energy Partners Launches Helium-3 Production
Laurentis Energy Partners, in the fall of 2021, launched its program to produce Helium-3 (He-3), a rare and valuable isotope used in quantum computing, neutron research, border security and medical imaging. Laurentis will obtain the He-3 from tritium stored at the Darlington Nuclear Generating Station, about 100 kilometers east of Toronto. The tritium is removed from heavy water in the CANDU station, owned and operated by Ontario Power Generation (OPG), the parent company of Laurentis.
Three Argonne Scientists Elected American Physical Society Fellows
The American Physical Society (APS) Fellowship is an honor signifying recognition by one’s professional peers, awarded each year to less than one-half of 1% of APS members. Each nominee is evaluated by the fellowship committee of the appropriate APS division, topical group or forum. After review by the APS fellowship committee, the successful candidates are elected by the APS Council. This year, APS awarded fellowships to three scientists at the US Department of Energy’s Argonne National Laboratory (CSA CSM).
‘Space: Science & Technology’ Explores Fission Energy Use in Space Exploration
Nuclear or fission energy has revolutionized the supply of energy worldwide in the past few decades and will likely transform outer space explorations. Radioactive power, a commonly applied energy source in space missions, has production and cost limits, with the power range falling within 1 kW. On the contrary, fission power easily scales up to 100 kW or more. In an attempt to seek middle ground, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has conceptualized a 1–10 kWe space reactor that relies on the Kilowatt Reactor Using Stirling TechnologY (KRUSTY).