An international team of researchers led by physicists at Rice University has stumbled upon a theoretical result that could help experimental physicists create a "Weyl-Kondo semimetal," a quantum material with an assorted collection of properties seen in disparate materials like topological insulators, heavy fermion metals and high-temperature superconductors.
Month: January 2018
Both Frozen and Fresh Embryos Offer Similar Chances of Baby after IVF for Most Women
For women using in vitro fertilization to have a child, using either fresh or frozen embryos results in similar success rates for most women, according to an international team of researchers.
Researchers Engineer Ultra Sensitive Temperature Sensor
Researchers in Brazil have created an optical thermometer capable of measuring temperatures from 750 to 80 K. It operates in real time and in well-defined regions with a spatial resolution ranging from a centimeter to a micrometer. It also has practically no effect at all on the temperature of the object being measured, according to the research team.
Researchers Cool Chip Below 3 mK, Establish New Low Temperature Record
Physicists at the University of Basel in Switzerland have succeeded in cooling a nanoelectronic chip to a temperature lower than 3 mK. The research team used magnetic cooling to cool the electrical connections as well as the chip itself.
Dark Energy Survey Publicly Releases Data Trove
Scientists on the Dark Energy Survey publicly released data from the project's first three years during a special session held at the American Astronomical Society meeting in Washington DC. The release includes information on about 400 million astronomical objects, from distant galaxies billions of light-years away to stars in our own galaxy.
Separate Research Teams Advance Quantum Simulators
Researchers at the Harvard-MIT Center for Ultracold Atoms and at the Joint Quantum Institute at the University of Maryland have announced complementary advances in quantum studies that constitute a major step towards the realization of large-scale quantum machines.
ITER Passes 50 Percent Marker on Journey to First Plasma
The International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER), a project to prove that fusion power is both sustainable and producible on a commercial scale, reached a major milestone at the end of 2017 when construction work towards “First Plasma” passed 50 percent.
MSU Establishes Cryogenic Initiative at FRIB
The Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) should garner a lot of attention in 2022 when it first delivers the intense beams that scientists will use to study everything from nuclear astrophysics to fundamental interactions and applications for society including in medicine, homeland security and industry. But the facility is already quietly serving as a world-class research, teaching and training center for Michigan State University (MSU), the facility’s host, combining cryogenics, accelerator and superconducting radio frequency sciences and technology.
Argonne’s Advanced Photon Source Unravels Mummy, Leaves Linens Untouched
Northwestern University scientists and students are working to unravel the mysteries of a small female mummy, including how her body was prepared 1,900 years ago in Egypt, what items she may have been buried with, the quality of her bones and the composition of a foreign material present in her brain cavity.
Niowave’s Electron Linacs Target New Projects
From the quaint neighborhood streets that run alongside its perimeter, Niowave, Inc. appears as unassuming as the converted local elementary school from which it operates. But inside, where water fountains and toilets still perch low to the ground and footsteps echo off hallway lockers, its employees have assumed the once impenetrable goal of adopting superconducting accelerator technology to a range of challenges from homeland security to health care.
Researchers Observe Four-dimensional Physics in Two Dimensions
Physicists from two research groups have announced techniques that allow materials in four-dimensional space to be studied in two-dimensional systems. Both experiments dealt with the quantum Hall effect, a phenomenon that has been at the root of three Nobel Prizes in physics.
Qatargas Begins Operations, Finalizing Integration of Qatar Petroleum and RasGas
Qatar Petroleum announced the official start of operations of Qatargas following the completion of its integration with RasGas, a process that began in December 2016. The announcement was made by Saad Sherida Al-Kaabi, president & CEO of Qatar Petroleum, during a press conference held at QP headquarters.
NASA Releases Logo For Upcoming 60th Anniversary
NASA will mark the 60th anniversary of its establishment as a US government agency on October 1, 2018. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed NASA’s founding legislation, the 1958 National Aeronautics and Space Act, on July 29, 1958, though NASA celebrates its birthday on October 1, the day the agency opened for business.
Chart Acquires Skaff Cryogenics
Chart Industries, Inc. announced its acquisition of Skaff Cryogenics and Cryo-Lease, LLC in early January. The acquisition, according to Chart, expands the company's direct regional presence for service and aftermarket support in the Northeast United States.
Dippin’ Dots Launches Cryogenic Company
Dippin' Dots, known for its popular flash frozen beaded ice cream, welcomed the new year with the launch of Dippin' Dots Cryogenics, LLC, an offshoot designed to leverage its intellectual property in cryogenic processes and machinery.