Scientists from Cornell University and the US Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) have successfully demonstrated the world’s first capture and reuse of energy in a multi turn particle accelerator, where electrons are accelerated and decelerated in multiple stages and transported at different energies through a single beamline. This advance paves the way for ultra bright particle accelerators that use far less energy than today’s machines.
Operators at the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) particle accelerator, part of SLAC National Laboratory at Stanford University in California, looked into how they were spending their time managing the machine. They tracked the hours they spent on tasks like investigating problems and orchestrating new configurations of the particle beam for different experiments. They discovered that if they could automate the process of tuning the beam—tweaking the magnets that keep the LCLS particle beam on its course through the machine—they could free up hundreds of hours each year.
For the past 60 years, fundamental research has been carried out at the Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY) in Hamburg-Bahrenfeld. In those 60 years, DESY has become a world leader in accelerator technology, structure research, particle physics and astroparticle physics. DESY has developed pioneering technologies, which have been used by scientists from all over the world to make outstanding advances including, among other things, the discovery of the gluon and the structure of ribosomes. “It is now a question of the big challenges of our times,” says DESY’s director Professor Helmut Dosch.
The Department of Energy (DOE) announced that it has taken the next step toward the construction of an Electron Ion Collider (EIC) in the United States. DOE announced that the collider will be sited at DOE’s Brookhaven National Laboratory in Upton NY. In addition, DOE’s Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (CSA CSM) will be a major partner in realizing the EIC, providing key support to build this next new collider, which will be the most advanced particle collider of its type ever built.
The US Food and Drug Administration has expanded the clearance of a cryoablation technology platform for the treatment of cancerous and benign tumors of the kidney, liver, ear, nose or throat, according to a press release from the product’s manufacturer.
The accelerator-on-a-chip is just a prototype, but its design and fabrication techniques can be scaled up to deliver particle beams accelerated enough to perform cutting-edge experiments that don’t require the power of a massive accelerator. By placing these chips in a series, researchers from SLAC National Laboratory and Stanford University hope to create an electron beam that can move at 94% the speed of light—an energized particle flow that can be used for research and in various medical applications.
QuinStar (CSA CSM) has successfully completed a 28-month program with the Jet Propulsion Laboratory that developed flight hardware for the NASA-ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization) Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR) mission. QuinStar’s deliverables included Ka-band solid-state power amplifiers—an enabling element of the communication payload for the high speed, space-to-earth datalink.
Italian energy infrastructure company Snam has doubled the volume of hydrogen it is blending with natural gas in the transmission network of southern Contursi Terme, Salerno, Italy, in a new experiment that would enable the reduction of the region’s carbon dioxide emissions by five million tons.
A dumbbell-shaped nanoparticle powered just by the force and torque of light has become the world's fastest-spinning object. Scientists at Purdue University created the object, which revolves at 300 billion revolutions per minute. Or, put another way, half a million times faster than a dentist's drill. In addition, the silica nanoparticle can serve as the world's most sensitive torque detector, which researchers hope will be used to measure the friction created by quantum effects.
Construction of innovative accumulator ring as part of the ALS-U project will keep Berkeley Lab at the forefront of synchrotron light source science.
In an underground laboratory deep beneath a mountain in Central Italy, an array of crystals, chilled to within a hair of absolute zero has been steadily compiling one of the most precise measurements to date in pursuit of a rare particle process. If it is proven to exist, this process may well be the “smoking gun” of how matter was created in the universe. The observation of this process, known as neutrinoless double-beta decay, would have profound implications for understanding the properties of ghostly, abundant particles called neutrinos that pass through most matter unaffected.
The world's first hydrogen-powered superyacht was unveiled last week at the Monaco Yacht Show and it made quite an impression. The model of the 367-foot yacht was the pinnacle of luxury and sophistication. The miniature model was presented by a Dutch firm called Sinot Yacht & Architecture Design. The ship, called Aqua, would run on liquid hydrogen and fuel cell technology with water being its only emission.
The mission of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is to create reference standards that identify requirements, specifications, guidelines and characteristics that can be used consistently by manufacturers and users to ensure that materials, products, processes and services are fit for their purpose. During the past several years, a group composed of ISO TC 8 and ISO TC 67 members has been focused on the development of a new standard (ISO 20088) for determining the resistance of insulation materials that are used for Floating Liquefied Natural Gas (FLNG) facilities to deter cryogenic spillage.
Joshua Feldman, a graduate student in the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign’s Haran Research Group, headed by Professor Kiruba Haran, is currently working to solve a rather lofty problem… literally. He and the Haran team are addressing the uncertain outcome of airline travel in an envirocentric future by developing a superconducting motor with the help of cryogenics. The goal is to produce a fully superconducting motor with an output of roughly 2.5 MW.
On October 21, crews at the Sanford Underground Research Facility (SURF) in South Dakota strapped the cryostat containing the central component of LUX-ZEPLIN (LZ), the largest direct-detection dark matter experiment in the US, below an elevator and slowly lowered it 4,850 feet down a shaft formerly used in gold-mining operations—final journey of LZ’s central detector to its resting place in a custom-built research cavern.