10 years since Snowmass: an ILC timeline

Ten years ago, scientists from all over the world gathered in the picturesque town of Snowmass to constitute a new global collaboration for a future particle collider called the International Linear Collider (ILC). LC Newsline has compiled a timeline showing what has happened in these 10 years since Snowmass and where the project stands today.

MIT team creates a superfluid in a record-high magnetic field

MIT physicists have created a superfluid gas, the so-called Bose-Einstein condensate, for the first time in an extremely high magnetic field. The magnetic field is synthetic, generated using laser beams, and is 100 times stronger than that of the world’s strongest magnets. Within this magnetic field, the researchers could keep a gas superfluid for a tenth of a second—just long enough for the team to observe it. The researchers report their results in the journal Nature Physics.

LCLS measures ultrafast structural changes in ring-shaped gas molecules

For the first time, scientists have tracked ultrafast structural changes, captured in quadrillionths-of-a-second steps, as ring-shaped gas molecules burst open and unraveled. Ring-shaped molecules are abundant in biochemistry and also form the basis for many drug compounds. The pioneering study, conducted at SLAC's Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS), points the way to a wide range of real-time X-ray studies of gas-based chemical reactions that are vital to biological processes.

First results from LHC Run 2 presented in Vienna

The world particle physics community convened in Vienna from July 22-29 for the 2015 European Physical Society Conference on High Energy Physics, where the latest results in the field were presented and discussed, including the first results from Run 2 of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. This was the first time these results were presented, less than two months after the experiments started to take data at the unprecedented energy of 13 TeV following a two-year shutdown.

IceCube sees highest-energy neutrino ever found

On August 4, scientists working on the IceCube neutrino experiment at the South Pole reported the observation of a neutrino event that had an energy of more than 2000 trillion electron volts, making it the highest energy neutrino event ever found. The event offers scientists the best hope yet that they will be able to use ultrahigh energy neutrinos to find the source of ultrahigh energy cosmic rays.