“Hospital” Preserves Coral with Cryogenics

Researchers at the Taiwan Coral Reef Society have established a biopreservation and treatment center for coral reefs. Analogous to a human hospital, “sick” corals are diagnosed either in situ or in the hospital's diagnostic clinic to determine the cause of the illness. Corals are “treated” and returned to their home reef—if the reef is healthy—or to a site featuring oceanographic conditions favoring a high level of health. If home reefs suffer to an extent that environmental mitigation is no longer possible, coral gametes are collected and cryopreserved so that they may be fertilized later and reseeded when global marine conditions again permit coral survival.

Containing Hydrogen in a Materials World

The Hydrogen Materials Compatibility Consortium—or H-Mat—is conducting early-stage research to understand how hydrogen affects the polymers and metals used in infrastructure to store, transport, compress and dispense the fuel. The consortium’s goal is to improve the reliability and durability of materials used in hydrogen infrastructure while also identifying alternative, less expensive materials that reduce equipment replacement cycles and downtime at fueling stations.

Secondary Mirror Deployment of James Webb Space Telescope a Success

Technicians and engineers at NASA have recently tested a key part of the James Webb Space Telescope deployment choreography by successfully commanding Webb to deploy the support structure that holds its secondary mirror in place. This is a critical milestone in preparing the observatory for its journey to orbit. The next time this will occur will be when Webb is in space, and on its way to gaze into the cosmos from a million miles away.

New Technique to Probe High Temperature Superconductivity

Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, collaborating with scientists at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, have shed new light on how disparate states can exist adjacent to one another. Illinois Physics post-doctoral researcher Matteo Mitrano, Professor Peter Abbamonte and their team applied a new X-ray scattering technique, time-resolved resonant soft X-ray scattering, taking advantage of the state-of-the-art equipment at SLAC. This method enabled the scientists to probe the striped charge order phase with an unprecedented energy resolution. This is the first time this has been done at an energy scale relevant to superconductivity.

LHC Magnet Repair Has Begun

Major work is underway on the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) with the extraction of magnets from the accelerator tunnel. During the second long shutdown, 22 of these large magnet components (including 19 dipoles) have to be replaced, especially as several have been showing operating deficiencies.

Resurrected Detector Will Hunt for Some of the Strangest Particles in the Universe

Brought from Italy's Gran Sasso National Laboratory two years ago, ICARUS—an outdated acronym for Imaging Cosmic And Rare Underground Signals—will soon start a second life seeking perhaps the strangest particles physicists have dreamed up, oddballs called sterile neutrinos. Icarus will resume the neutrino hunt at Fermilab. If they exist, sterile neutrinos would be new additions to physicists' standard model of particles and forces. They would resolve nagging puzzles about their fellow neutrinos, but would be far harder to detect.