Researchers at the Taiwan Coral Reef Society have established a biopreservation and treatment center for coral reefs. Analogous to a human hospital, “sick” corals are diagnosed either in situ or in the hospital's diagnostic clinic to determine the cause of the illness. Corals are “treated” and returned to their home reef—if the reef is healthy—or to a site featuring oceanographic conditions favoring a high level of health. If home reefs suffer to an extent that environmental mitigation is no longer possible, coral gametes are collected and cryopreserved so that they may be fertilized later and reseeded when global marine conditions again permit coral survival.
On June 19, Meyer Tool & Manufacturing (CSA CSM) completed fabrication of a cryogenic distribution box for Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (also a CSA CSM). The box will be used for the Muon-to-Electron conversion (Mu2e) experiment.
The Hydrogen Materials Compatibility Consortium—or H-Mat—is conducting early-stage research to understand how hydrogen affects the polymers and metals used in infrastructure to store, transport, compress and dispense the fuel. The consortium’s goal is to improve the reliability and durability of materials used in hydrogen infrastructure while also identifying alternative, less expensive materials that reduce equipment replacement cycles and downtime at fueling stations.
ZeroAvia, the California startup that designed a hydrogen-fueled electric powertrain for a hydrogen-powered six-seat plane, has been testing the technology during the past year to reduce emissions from air travel. With August’s successful flight, it expects to begin supplying the powertrain for planes carrying 20 passengers for up to 500 miles in 2022.
Physicists have found "electron pairing," a hallmark feature of superconductivity, at temperatures and energies well above the critical threshold where superconductivity happens.
While trying to replicate another team's finding, Stanford physicists recently stumbled upon a novel form of magnetism—predicted but never seen before—that is generated when two honeycomb-shaped lattices of carbon are carefully stacked and rotated to a special angle.
Technicians and engineers at NASA have recently tested a key part of the James Webb Space Telescope deployment choreography by successfully commanding Webb to deploy the support structure that holds its secondary mirror in place. This is a critical milestone in preparing the observatory for its journey to orbit. The next time this will occur will be when Webb is in space, and on its way to gaze into the cosmos from a million miles away.
The European Space Agency's Euclid mission, set to launch in 2022, will investigate two of the biggest mysteries in modern astronomy: dark matter and dark energy. A team of NASA engineers recently delivered critical hardware for one of the instruments that will fly on Euclid and probe these cosmic puzzles.
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, collaborating with scientists at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, have shed new light on how disparate states can exist adjacent to one another. Illinois Physics post-doctoral researcher Matteo Mitrano, Professor Peter Abbamonte and their team applied a new X-ray scattering technique, time-resolved resonant soft X-ray scattering, taking advantage of the state-of-the-art equipment at SLAC. This method enabled the scientists to probe the striped charge order phase with an unprecedented energy resolution. This is the first time this has been done at an energy scale relevant to superconductivity.
Researchers used 3D porous Polycaprolactone (PCL) scaffolds with combined extrusion-based cryogenic 3D printing and freeze-drying in an attempt to overcome existing limitations like affordability, lack of efficiency in fabrication and inferior process control.
A team led by Princeton physicist Ali Yazdani has shown that strong electron interactions play a key role in the superconductivity that has been discovered in graphene, a material made up of single-layer sheets of carbon atoms.
Major work is underway on the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) with the extraction of magnets from the accelerator tunnel. During the second long shutdown, 22 of these large magnet components (including 19 dipoles) have to be replaced, especially as several have been showing operating deficiencies.
Brought from Italy's Gran Sasso National Laboratory two years ago, ICARUS—an outdated acronym for Imaging Cosmic And Rare Underground Signals—will soon start a second life seeking perhaps the strangest particles physicists have dreamed up, oddballs called sterile neutrinos. Icarus will resume the neutrino hunt at Fermilab. If they exist, sterile neutrinos would be new additions to physicists' standard model of particles and forces. They would resolve nagging puzzles about their fellow neutrinos, but would be far harder to detect.
NASA scientists are exploring how aerogel, a translucent, Styrofoam-like material, could be used as a building material on Mars. Aerogel retains heat; structures built with it could raise temperatures enough to melt water ice on the Martian surface.
Under North Dakota House Bill 1166, freeze branding became a legal method for ranchers to show ownership of cattle, according the North Dakota Stockmen’s Association. Freeze branding uses dry ice or liquid nitrogen to cool a branding iron, which is then pressed into an animal’s hide to mark it for identification purposes.
Chart liquid nitrogen dosing technology supports and expands the distribution of Cold Brewed Coffee. Liquid nitrogen dosing adds pressure in the can for the packaging process.